Glossary


Glossary

Our developers think in code, but speak in easy to understand, jargon-free sentences.

Our job is to help you to unravel the complicated. Here's some common words that folks often pretend to understand.

If you can't see what you're looking for, add it to the comments and we'll translate it into real language for you.

 

Press Ctrl/CMD & F - then type the word you are searching for.

A

Applications / App – An application, or application program, is a software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities are all applications. The word "application" is used because each program has a specific application for the user.

Anti-Virus – A piece of software that scans for malware & virus’ in order to prevent infection of the machine.

B

Backup – See ‘Cloud Backup’

Browser – A software program that allows you to ‘browse’ the internet. The more popular browsers include: Google Chrome & Mozilla Firefox.

Byte - a group of binary digits or bits (usually eight) operated on as a unit. Please see our data size chart.

C

C -  is a mid-level programming language that is used for developing

Cache -  A cache is a temporary storage area.

Cloud Backup – This is the storage of data and computer files on the internet rather than physically storing the data locally on a physical USB drive or even just on your machine itself.

Content Filtering – Blocks sites that you pick, so your staff cannot access them on your network.  The content filtering service has been designed to work for you, not against you. With fully customisable times, you can decide when your employees are allowed access to social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, Google+, Linked in and many more!

Cookies - A small text file (up to 4KB) created by a website that is stored in the user's computer either temporarily for that session only or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie). Cookies provide a way for the website to recognize you and keep track of your preferences.

CPU - Central Processing Unit. The CPU is the primary component of a computer that processes instructions.

D

Data – Computer data is information processed or stored by a computer. This information may be in the form of text documents, images, audio clips, software programs, or other types of data. Computer data may be processed by the computer's CPU and is stored in files and folders on the computer's hard disk.

DSL – Digital Subscriber Line, Standard way of receiving internet through telephone lines – DSL is a set of technologies that are used to transmit data over telephone lines

Dual Core Processor – A dual-core processor is a CPU with two processors or "execution cores" in the same integrated circuit. Each processor has its own cache and controller, which enables it to function as efficiently as a single processor. However, because the two processors are linked together, they can perform operations up to twice as fast as a single processor can.

E

Encryption – The process of converting data into unrecognisable code. This is used for the safety of data.

Ethernet – is a type of cable and the rules of sending data through it. Mostly commonly used to connect computers to a network.  

Exabyte - (EB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 quintillion. Please see  our data size chart.

F

Firewall – a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules. It acts as a barrier between a trusted and untrusted network.

G

Gateway – A point in a network that interconnects with other networks

Gigabyte – (GB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 billion bytes. See our data size chart.

GIF - a format for image files that supports both animated and static images.

H

Hard Disk Drive -   A hard disk drive (HDD) is a hardware device that's used to store information like software and files.

Hardware - the machines, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system.

Hosted – A hosted application is a software as a service solution that allows users to execute and operate a software application entirely from the cloud on a recurring subscription.

HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language. It is the language that websites are written in. It describes how to turn raw text which is sent over the internet into the colourful web pages you can see on your computer.

HTML Scripting – The act of writing the HTML.

HTTP - It's the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web to define how messages are formatted and transmitted.

I

IMAP - The Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is an Internet standard protocol used by e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail messages from a mail server

ISDN  - (Integrated Services Digital Network) A way of transmitting voice video and data through a traditional telephone network line.

IP Address - a unique string of numbers separated by full stops that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.

J

Java – is a programming language designed to be runnable on any platform.

JavaScript –  is a programming language that is commonly used in the development of web pages.

JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group) refers to a way of compressing and storing digital image files. JPEG has become the main standard for uploading images to the internet, sharing photos and for use in digital publishing, including for printed publications such as newspapers and magazines, which are created on computer design programs. These files often have the file extension .jpg

K

Kilobyte – (KB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is equal to 1024 bytes. Please see our data size chart.

L

Lan – (Local area network) A set of computers spanning a relatively small area.

M

Malware – software which is specifically designed to disrupt, damage, or gain authorized access to a computer system.

Megabyte – (MB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is equal to 1,048,576 bytes. Please see our data size chart.

N

Network – A group of computers connected, via any means.

O

Operating Systems - (OS) is software that manages all computer processes. Microsoft Windows and MAC OS X are both OS.

P

Ping Test - The ping is the reaction time of your connection–how fast you get a response after you've sent out a request. A fast ping means a more responsive connection, especially in applications where timing is everything (like video games). Ping is measured in milliseconds (ms).

POP3 - (Post Office Protocol 3) is the most recent version of a standard protocol for receiving e-mail. POP3 is a client/server protocol in which e-mail is received and held for you by your Internet server.

Q

Qwerty – is a style of keyboard starting with the letters QWERTY

QR Code – a machine readable code made up of black and white squares. Used for storing URLs or other information by reading with the camera on a smart phone.

R

RAM – Random Access Memory is a piece of hardware that allows information to be stored and retrieved on a computer. It stores information of applications that you are currently using. It lets you use more applications at the same time and access them quicker. So as I am typing this out it will be saved to the RAM – When I save it officially it will be saved to a Hard drive.

Remote Support – Remote access is the ability to get access to a computer or a network from a remote distance. We use Team viewer here at full circle and you will need a six digit access code to allow us into your network or computer

S

SEO - Search engine optimization is a methodology of strategies, techniques and tactics used to increase the amount of visitors to a website by obtaining a high-ranking placement in the search results

SMTP –  Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.

Software - Software is a general term for the various kinds of programs used to operate computers and related devices. 

Solid State Drive - An all-electronic storage device that is an alternative to a hard disk. solid state drives (SSDs) are faster than hard disks because there is zero latency (no read/write head to move).

Spam – irrelevant or unsolicited messages sent over the Internet, typically to many users, for the purposes of advertising, phishing, spreading malware, etc.

T

Terabyte – (TB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is equal to one million million bytes. Please see our data size chart.

Trojan – A Trojan horse or Trojan is a type of malware that is often disguised as legitimate software. Trojans can be employed by cyber-thieves and hackers trying to gain access to users' systems. Users are typically tricked by some form of social engineering into loading and executing Trojans on their systems. Once activated, Trojans can enable cyber-criminals to spy on you, steal your sensitive data, and gain backdoor access to your system.

U

URL – (Uniform resource locator)  means an internet address 

Unix – is the first operating system

V

Virus – a piece of code which can copy itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data.

VoIP – (Voice over internet Protocol) A way of transmitting Voice over an Internet Line.

W

Worm – A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. Often, it uses a computer network to spread itself, relying on security failures on the target computer to access it. Worms almost always cause at least some harm to the network, even if only by consuming bandwidth, whereas viruses almost always corrupt or modify files on a targeted computer.

X

XML - a metalanguage which allows users to define their own customised mark-up languages, especially to display documents on the Internet.

Y

Yottabyte – (YB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 septillion bytes. See our data size chart.

Z

Zettabyte – (ZB) is a measure of computer data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 sextillion bytes. See our data size chart.

If you can't find the word you were looking for please put it in the comments below.

or you can email sophie.parden@fullcircle-its.co.uk to ask our team for a definition. 

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